The services to population cover a big area of essential activities for persons’ and families’ lives. In a rural and mountain context, usually characterized by a low population density, they represent an essential element for the maintenance of the population in these places. This argument brings into play other elements, such as proximity and accessibility of services for users, their frequency of use, the insulation of the suppliers, the competition from the offer of urban services to rural suppliers…
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…the proximity of a service in rural areas is first of all linked to the frequency of use of the latter (daily, occasional, exceptional, etc…).
For the exceptional services or for high quality services, the rural and mountain populations are willing to travel longer distances.
In France, for example, has been estimated that the consumption of current services is organised in a daily temporal space equivalent to an avarage proximity of 20 minutes, while the services of a more exceptional type, involve a travel time of approximately 1 hour…